Life Day 24257: Dewey Decimal System Day

December 10, 2013 at 1:27 pm | Posted in Today's Reasons To Celebrate | Leave a comment

Today is Tuesday, December 10, 2013. Good morning library fans. The featured holiday today is:

Dewey Decimal System Day:

If you have ever spent time in a library, you are probably familiar with the Dewey Decimal System; even if you haven’t mastered it. The Dewey Decimal System is a proprietary library classification system. It organizes library materials by discipline or field of study. The scheme is made up of ten classes, each divided into ten divisions, each having ten sections. The system’s notation uses Arabic numbers, with three whole numbers making up the main classes and sub-classes and decimals creating further divisions.

Dewey Decimal System Day is celebrated annually on the birth date of its creator, Melvil Dewey, born on this date in 1851. Although Mr. Dewey’s primary legacy is his library classification system, he is also credited with standardizing the size of index cards to the familiar 3 x 5 size we use today. In addition, he is known for the creation of hanging vertical files, which were first introduced at the Colombian Exposition of 1893 in Chicago, and the idea of the state library as controller of school and public library services within a state. As an entrepreneur, he founded the Library Bureau, a private company “for the definite purpose of furnishing libraries with equipment and supplies of unvarying correctness and reliability.”

These days, most libraries have replaced their vast card catalogs with computer software, but that software is still based upon Mr. Dewey’s decimal classification system. To celebrate this holiday, visit your local library and use the Dewey Decimal System to locate a specific book; then check it out and read it.

The other holidays today are:

Nobel Prize Day:

Nobel Prize Day celebrates the date on which the Nobel Prizes are awarded to the winners each year. Nobel Prizes are awarded for a Scientific Exploration of great value for mankind in the areas of Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Literature, Economics and Peace.

Perhaps to atone for his invention of dynamite and amassing his vast fortune on the proceeds thereof; upon his death, Alfred Nobel bequeathed his entire fortune to the creation of a Prize which promoted and honored the development of Peace and the progress of the living conditions of mankind. He directed that the Scientific prizes be delivered in Stockholm and the Prize for Peace be delivered in Oslo. (Norway and Sweden were united at that time).

Human Rights Day:

Human Rights Day is celebrated annually across the world on December 10th to honor the United Nations General Assembly’s adoption and proclamation, on 10 December 1948, of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the first global enunciation of human rights and one of the first major achievements of the new United Nations. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights holds the world record as being the most translated document in history (except for the Bible).

If you are a regular reader of this Blog, you should be well aware of my disdain for this imperious, ineffectual gaggle of pseudo-intellectual pinheads. Despite Human Rights Day being touted as “one of their first major achievements”, the violation of human rights still flourishes world-wide; and this toothless Tyrannosaurus Rex is doing nothing to prevent it. In fact, they routinely give countries who are the biggest violators of human rights gravitas by appointing them to positions of power within their organization.

 National Lager Day:

Lager is a type of German beer that is bottom fermented and lightly hopped. It is usually stored for at least three weeks after brewing before it is served.

Lager is the dominant style of beer throughout the world, except in England where ale is the favorite style. The only real difference between ale and lager is that ales ferment and age quickly at warm temperatures, while lagers ferment and age slowly at cool temperatures. These different types of fermentation allow for a vast difference in flavor and aroma.

To celebrate this holiday, have a glass, bottle, or can of your favorite beer. If it’s domestic, chances are it will be a lager.

On this date in:

520 – Martin Luther publicly burned the papal edict. The papacy demanded that he recant or face excommunication. Luther refused and was formally expelled from the church in January 1521.

1817 – Mississippi was admitted to the Union as the 20th American state.

1845 – British civil engineer Robert Thompson patented the first pneumatic tires.

1869 – Women were granted the right to vote in the Wyoming Territory.

1898 – A treaty was signed in Paris that officially ended the Spanish-American War. Also, Cuba became independent of Spain.

1901 – The first Nobel prizes were awarded.

1906 – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt became the first American to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, for helping mediate an end to the Russo-Japanese War.

1931 – Jane Addams became a co-recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, she was the first American woman to do so.

1939 – The National Football League’s attendance exeeded 1 million in a season for the first time.

1941 – Japan invaded the Philippines.

1950 – Dr. Ralph J. Bunche was presented the Nobel Peace Prize. He was the first African-American to receive the award. Bunche was awarded the prize for his efforts in mediation between Israel and neighboring Arab states.

1953 – Hugh Hefner published the first “Playboy” magazine with an investment of $7,600.

1958 – The first domestic passenger jet flight took place in the U.S. when 111 passengers flew from New York to Miami on a National Airlines Boeing 707.

1964 – In Oslo, Norway, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. received the Nobel Peace Prize. He was the youngest person to receive the award.

1980 – South Carolina Representative John W. Jenretter resigned to avoid being expelled from the U.S. House of Representatives following his conviction on charges to the FBI’s Abscam investigation.

1982 – The Law of the Sea Convention was signed by 118 countries in Montego Bay, Jamaica. 23 nations and the U.S. were excluded.

1984 – South African Bishop Desmond Tutu received the Nobel Peace Prize.

1990 – The U.S. Food & Drug Administration approved Norplant, a long-acting contraceptive implant.

1992 – Oregon Senator Bob Packwood apologized for what he called “unwelcome and offensive” actions toward women. However, he refused to resign.

1993 – The crew of the space shuttle Endeavor deployed the repaired Hubble Space Telescope into Earth’s orbit.

1994 – Advertising executive Thomas Mosser of North Caldwell, NJ, was killed by a mail bomb that was blamed on the Unabomber.

1994 – Yasser Arafat, Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin received the Nobel Peace Prize. They pledged to pursue their mission of healing the Middle East.

1995 – The first U.S. Marines arrived in the Bosnian capital of Sarajevo to join NATO soldiers sent to enforce peace in the former Yugoslavia.

1996 – South Africa’s President Mandela signed into law a new democratic constitution, completing the country’s transition from white-minority rule to a non-racial democracy.

1998 – Six astronauts opened the doors to the new international space station 250 miles above the Earth’s surface.

1998 – The Palestinian leadership scrapped constitutional clauses that rejected Israel’s existence.

1999 – After three years under suspicion of being a spy for China, computer scientist Wen Ho Lee was arrested. He was charged with removing secrets from the Los Alamos weapons lab. Lee later pled guilty to one count of downloading restricted data to tape and was freed. The other 58 counts were dropped.

2003 – The U.S. Supreme Court upheld new restrictions on political advertising in the weeks before an election. The court did strike down two provisions of the new law that involved a ban on political contibutions from those too young to vote and a limitation on some party spending. (McConnell v. FEC, 02-1674)

2003 – The U.S. barred firms based in certain countries, opponents of the Iraq war, from bidding on Iraqi reconstruction projects. The ban did not prevent companies from winning subcontracts.

2007 – Cristina Fernandez was sworn in as Argentina’s first elected female president.

Noteworthy Birthdays:

Thomas H. Gallaudet 1787 – Pioneer of educating the deaf.

Emily Dickinson 1830 – Writer.

Melvil Dewey 1851 – Created the “Dewey Decimal Classification” system.

William Plomer 1903 – Author.

Olivier Messiaen 1908 – Composer.

Chet Huntley 1911 – Journalist, newscaster.

Dorothy Lamour 1914 – Actress

Harold Gould 1923 – Actor

Dan Blocker 1928 – Actor.

Mako 1930 – Actor.

Tommy Kirk 1941 – Actor.

Fionnula Flannagan 1941 – Actress.

Chad Stuart 1943 – Musician. (Chad and Jeremy)

Gloria Loring 1946 – Actress,singer.

Ralph Tavares 1948 – Singer. (Tavares)

Walter “Clyde” Orange 1948 – Singer. (The Commodores)

Jessica Cleaves 1948 – Singer. (Friends of Distinction)

Johnny Rodriguez 1951 – Singer

Susan Dey 1952 – Actress.

Paul Hardcastle 1958 – Jazz keyboardist.

Kenneth Branagh 1960 – Actor, director.

Nia Peeples 1961 – Actress.

Michael Clarke Duncan 1963 – Actor.

Bobby Flay 1964 – TV chef.

Kevin Sharp 1970 – Singer.

Puff Johnson 1972 – Singer.

Sarah Chang 1980 – Violinist.

Raven-Symone 1985 – Actress.

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