Life Day 24262: Bill of Rights Day

December 15, 2013 at 12:01 am | Posted in Today's Reasons To Celebrate | Leave a comment

Today is Sunday, December 15, 2013. Good morning patriots. Today’s holidays are:

Bill of Rights Day:

To Americans, the Bill of Rights are key amendments to the U.S. Constitution, that protect our individual rights. On March 4, 1789, the Constitution of the United States of America was ratified by the 13 original colonies, and went into effect. States and individuals were concerned that the Constitution did not properly cover and protect a number of rights of individuals. The Constitution was signed by the original 13 states with the requirement, or understanding that, a Bill of Rights would be created, amending the new U.S. Constitution. On September 25, 1789, the First Congress of the United States proposed to the state legislatures 12 amendments to the Constitution; 10 of which were added to the Constitution on this date in 1791.

These 10 amendments, which later became known as “The Bill of Rights”, outlined the basic rights of individuals, and include:

Amendment 1- Freedom of speech, press and religion

Amendment 2 – The right to bear arms

Amendment 3- Protection of homeowners from quartering troops, except during war.

Amendment 4 – Rights and protections against unreasonable search and seizure

Amendment 5 – Rights of due process of law, protection against double jeopardy, self incrimination

Amendment 6 – Rights of a speedy trial by jury of peers and rights of accused

Amendment 7 – Rights to trial by jury in civil cases

Amendment 8 – Protection from cruel and unusual punishment, excessive bail

Amendment 9 – Protection of rights not specified in the Bill of Rights

Amendment 10 – States rights, power of the states

As I previously mentioned, there were originally 12 amendments proposed. The original Amendments # 1 and #2 did not pass. These dealt with the number of representative to congress, and compensation to representatives. Had they passed, there would be over 6,000 congressmen today. Can you imagine how disorganized our government would be with that many representatives? They can’t get anything done with 535 representatives. Getting any meaningful legislation from over 6,000 representatives would be akin to herding cats; which is the perfect segue to our next holiday.

Cat Herder’s Day:

There is an old simile that goes  ____ is like herding cats; meaning that it is a real fiasco and virtually impossible to accomplish. Sometimes, around the holidays especially, even the simplest of tasks can seem like herding cats. What with shopping, wrapping, decorating the house inside and out, cleaning in preparation for the arrival of the “in-laws”, things can be just too hectic at times. The only thing to do is muscle through it and realize that it will all be over soon, and things will be back to normal; whatever that means.

Well, the folks at Wellcat.com have foreseen this and created Cat Herder’s Day in its honor. Whether it’s work, home, school, or just life in general, whatever has you seemingly herding cats all day must be tackled head-on. Don’t skirt the issue, just square your shoulders and plunge ahead.

National Cupcake Day:

Cupcakes have been an American culinary staple since the 19th century. Prior to cupcakes, ingredients used in baking were primarily weighed rather than measured. Cupcakes shifted the art of baking from weighing to measuring ingredients.

For many years, cupcakes were known as one-two-three-four cakes because of their recipe: one cup of butter, two cups of sugar, three cups of flour, four eggs, plus one cup of milk and one spoon full of baking soda. This formula is still the traditional cupcake recipe that many people use today. Fun fact: the world’s largest cupcake was displayed in July of 2009 at the Covenant Garden Real Food Market in London. This cupcake was about 4 feet in diameter and weighed over 330 pounds! It also contained 200 eggs and took over 50 hours to make.

To celebrate, bake a batch of cupcakes today. If you are too lazy, or too unskilled, to bake your own, you can buy cupcakes at almost every grocery store or bakery.

On this date in:

1654 – A meteorological office established in Tuscany began recording daily temperature readings.

1840 – Napoleon Bonapart’s remains were interred in Les Invalides in Paris, having been brought from St. Helena, where he died in exile.

1854 – In Philadelphia, the first street cleaning machine was put into use.

1877 – Thomas Edison patented the phonograph.

1890 – American Sioux Indian Chief Sitting Bull and 11 other tribe members were killed in Grand River, SD, during an incident with Indian police working for the U.S. government.

1925 – The third Madison Square Gardens opened.

1938 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt presided over the ground-breaking ceremonies for the Jefferson Memorial in Washington, DC.

1939 – The classic movie “Gone With the Wind,”  premiered at Loew’s Grand Theater in Atlanta.

1941 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed into practice Bill of Rights Day.

1944 – A single-engine plane carrying U.S. Army Major Glenn Miller disappeared in thick fog over the English Channel while en route to Paris.

1944 – Dr. R. Townley Paton and a small group of doctors laid the groundwork for the Eye-Bank for Sight Restoration.

1961 – Former Nazi official Adolf Eichmann was sentenced to death in Jerusalem by an Israeli court. He had been tried on charges for organizing the deportation of Jews to concentration camps.

1961 – The U.N. General Assembly voted against a Soviet proposal to admit Communist China as a member.

1964 – Canada’s House of Commons approved a newly designed flag thereby dropping the Canadian “Red Ensign” flag.

1965 – Two U.S. manned spacecraft, Gemini 6 and Gemini 7, maneuvered within 10 feet of each other while in orbit around the Earth.

1966 – Walter Elias “Walt” Disney died in Los Angeles at the age of 65.

1970 – The Soviet probe Venera 7 became the first spacecraft to land softly on the surface of Venus. The probe only survived the extreme heat and pressure for about 23 minutes and transmitted the first data received on Earth from the surface of another planet.

1978 – U.S. President Carter announced he would grant diplomatic recognition to Communist China on New Year’s Day and sever official relations with Taiwan.

1979 – The former shah of Iran, Muhammad Riza Pahlavi, left the United States for Panama. He had gone to the U.S. for medical treatment on October 22, 1979.

1979 – In a preliminary ruling, the International Court of Justice ordered Iran to release all hostages that had been taken at the U.S. embassy in Tehran on November 4, 1979.

1982 – Paul “Bear” Bryant announced his retirement as head football coach at the University of Alabama.

1982 – Gibraltar’s frontier with Spain was opened to pedestrian use after 13 years of closure.

1983 – The last 80 U.S. combat soldiers in Grenada withdrew. It was just over seven weeks after the U.S.-led invasion of the Caribbean island.

1989 – An uprising in Romania began as demonstrators gathered to prevent the arrest of the Reverend Laszlo Tokes, a dissident clergyman.

1992 – IBM announced it would eliminate 25-thousand employees in the coming year.

1992 – Bettino Craxi, the leader of Italy’s Socialist Party, was informed that he was under investigation in a burgeoning corruption scandal in the northern city of Milan.

1993 – The prime ministers of Britain and the Republic of Ireland (John Major and Albert Reynolds respectively) made the “Downing Street Declaration,” stating the basis for trying to achieve peace in Northern Ireland.

1995 – The U.N. Security Council authorized NATO to take over the peacekeeping operations in Bosnia.

1997 – The San Francisco 49ers retired Joe Montana’s number (16) during a halftime ceremony of a game against the Denver Broncos.

1999 – Syria reopened peace talks with Israel in Washington, DC, with the mediation of U.S. President Clinton.

2000 – The Chernobyl atomic power plant in Kiev, Ukraine, was shut down.

2000 – New York Senator-elect Hillary Rodham Clinton agreed to accept an $8 million book deal with Simon & Schuster. The book was to be about her eight years in the White House. The advance was the highest ever to be paid to a member of the U.S. Congress.

2001 – It was announced that Siena Heights University would begin offering a class called “Animated Philosophy and Religion.” The two-credit class would cover how religion and philosophy are part of popular culture and is based on the television series “The Simpsons.”

Noteworthy Birthdays:

Nero 37 AD – Fifth and last Roman emperor of the Julio-Claudian dynasty.

George Romney 1734 – English portrait painter.

Gustave Eiffel 1832 – Engineer. (designed the Eiffel Tower and the Statue of Liberty)

Ludwig (Lazarus) Zamenhof 1859 – Linguist, developed international language:

Jack Dempsey 1862 – Boxer.

J. Paul Getty 1892 – Oil tycoon.

Buddy Cole 1916 – Pianist. (The Buddy Cole Trio)

Jeff Chandler 1918 – Actor.

Eddie Robinson – 1920 – Baseball first baseman, scout and coach.

Alan Freed 1922 – Renowned disc jockey.

Jerry Wallace 1928 – Singer, actor.

Jimmy Nelson 1928 – Ventriloquist.

Edna O’Brien 1931 – Author.

Clyde McPhatter 1932 – Musician. (The Drifters)

Tim Conway 1933 – Actor, comedian.

Cindy Birdsong 1939 – Singer. (The Supremes)

Nick Buoniconti 1940 – Football Hall of Famer.

Dave Clark 1942 – Singer. (The Dave Clark Five)

Stan Bahnsen 1944 – Baseball pitcher.

Carmine Appice 1946 – Musician. (Vanilla Fudge)

Doug Rau 1948 – Baseball pitcher.

Charlie Scott 1948 – Basketball player.

Don Johnson 1949 – Actor.

Alex Cox 1954 – Movie director.

Justin Ross 1954 – Actor.

Paul Simonon 1955 – Musician. (The Clash)

Doug Phelps 1960 – Singer. (Kentucky Headhunters)

Reginald Hudlin 1961 – Director.

Daryl Turner 1961 – Football wide receiver.

Helen Slater 1963 – Actress.

Molly Price 1965 – Actress.

Michael Shanks 1970 – Actor.

Stuart Townsend 1972 – Actor.

Adam Brody 1979 – Actor.

George O. Gore II 1981 – Actor.

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