V-J Day?

August 14, 2016 at 12:01 am | Posted in Today's Reasons To Celebrate | Leave a comment

Good morning historians. Today is Sunday, August 14th. The holidays today are:

V-J Day, (or is it)?

V-J Day marks the official end of WWII with the surrender of Japan. On this date in 1945, the Japanese government cabled to the United States their surrender and agreed to the terms of the Potsdam Declaration. However, when the cable was sent, it was already August 15th in Japan, and August 15 (American time zone and date) marks the date when the surrender was announced to the rest of the world that hostilities officially ended. But, it wasn’t held until September 2nd that a formal surrender ceremony was held in Tokyo Bay aboard the USS Missouri.
So, which date is actually V-J Day?  This date, August 14, is the date of most modern observances, but originally President Truman proclaimed September 2nd as V-J Day.
The war in the Pacific was hard-fought and bloody. The tide had definitely turned, and the U.S. military was fighting island by island towards Japan. Resistance was fierce. Casualties on both sides were high. The U.S. had developed the atomic bomb. The U.S. government was anxious to end the war, and stop the loss of American lives. On August 6th, 1945, the United States military dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima, Japan to force Japan into an immediate, unconditional surrender. Instead of immediately surrendering, the Japanese government debated what to do. So, the United States dropped a second atomic bomb on August 9, 1945, over the city of Nagasaki, Japan. The dropping of the atomic bombs broke the will of the Japanese people to continue fighting.
No matter which date you choose to celebrate, just be glad that Japan surrendered and WWII was ended without further casualties.
Factoid: The battleship USS Missouri was chosen for the formal surrender ceremony because she was named after President Truman’s home state.

National Navajo Code Talkers Day 

National Navajo Code Talkers Day is also related to WWII and Japan.
Cipher machines, machines that create coded messages, did not work well in the jungles of the Pacific Islands during World War II. The United States military needed coded messages to send secret information from the battle lines to air bases and other locations. Native Americans who spoke the Navajo language helped solve this problem. The Navajo language is not well known, so the Navajo “code talkers”, as they became known, used English code words that they translated into their language to send messages. The Japanese military could hear these coded messages, but they could not understand their meanings.
The Navajo code talkers served in some of the fiercest battles of the Pacific. They saved many lives and helped the United States and its allies win the war. However, the code talkers were never allowed to discuss their work with anyone. Most Americans did not know about the code talkers’ role in World War II until much later.
In 1982, President Reagan declared August 14 to be National Navajo Code Talkers Day to honor the Navajo code talkers for their bravery and service.

National Creamsicle Day

Creamsicles are the perfect way to sit back, relax, and cool down on a hot August day. The combination of vanilla cream and fruity ice is pure genius. Creamsicles are not hard to find, but they are also easy to make at home. Mix together fruit juice and vanilla ice cream in a large bowl. Then, gradually add milk and continue to mix. Finally, pour the mixture into small paper cups and place them in the freezer. Once they are partly frozen, insert popsicle sticks into them and place them back in the freezer. When they are frozen solid, peel off the paper cups and enjoy the creamsicle.

National Spirit of ’45 Day

National Financial Awareness Day

National Wiffle Ball Day

Social Security Day

On this date in:

  • 1756 – Daniel Boone married 16-year-old Rebecca Bryan.
  • 1848 – The Oregon Territory was established.
  • 1873 – “Field and Stream” magazine published its first issue.
  • 1888 – A patent for the electric meter was granted to Oliver B. Shallenberger.
  • 1896 – Gold was discovered in Canada’s Yukon Territory. Within the next year, more than 30,000 people rushed to the area to look for gold.
  • 1919 – About 1 million tons of ice and rock broke off of a glacier near Mont Blanc, France. Nine people were killed in the incident.
  • 1935 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Social Security Act into law. The act created unemployment insurance and pension plans for the elderly.
  • 1941 – Congress appropriated the funds to build the Pentagon (about $83 million). The building was the new home of the U.S. War Department.
  • 1953 – The whiffle ball was invented.
  • 1962 – A mail truck was held up in Plymouth, MA. The robbers got away with more that $1.5 million dollars.
  • 1969 – British troops arrived in Northern Ireland to intervene in sectarian violence between Protestants and Roman Catholics.
  • 1973 – The United States bombing of Cambodia ended. The halt marked the official end to 12 years of combat in Indochina by the United States
  • 1976 – A charity softball game began for the Community General Hospital in Monticello, NY. The game was eventually called off due to weather after 30 hours. The final score was Gager’s Diner’s 491 to Bend ‘n Elbow Tavern’s 467.
  • 1980 – People for Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) was incorporated.
  • 1987 – Mark McGwire set the record for major league home runs by a rookie when he connected for his 49th home run of the season.
  • 1995 – Shannon Faulkner became the first female cadet in the history of The Citadel, South Carolina’s state military college. She quit the school less than a week later.
  • 1998 – A federal appeals court in Richmond, VA, ruled that the Food and Drug Administration had no authority to regulate tobacco. The FDA had established rules to make it harder for minors to buy cigarettes.
  • 2000 – Valujet was ordered to pay $11 million in fines and restitution for hazardous waste violations in the crash that killed 110 people in 1996.

Celebrity Birthdays:

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