Lady Liberty

October 28, 2016 at 12:01 am | Posted in Today's Reasons To Celebrate | Leave a comment

Good morning fans of gigantic patriotic landmarks. Today is Friday, October 28th. Today’s holidays are:

Statue of Liberty Dedication Day

The Statue of Liberty, a gift of friendship from the people of France to the people of the United States, was dedicated in New York Harbor on this date in 1886 by President Grover Cleveland.
Originally known as “Liberty Enlightening the World,” the statue was proposed by the French historian Edouard de Laboulaye to commemorate the Franco-American alliance during the American Revolution. Designed by French sculptor Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi, the 151-foot statue was the form of a woman with an uplifted arm holding a torch. Its framework of gigantic steel supports was designed by Eugene-Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc and Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel, the latter famous for his design of the Eiffel Tower in Paris.
In February 1877, Congress approved the use of a site on New York Bedloe’s Island, which was suggested by Bartholdi, the designer of the statue. In May 1884, the statue was completed in France, and three months later the Americans laid the cornerstone for its pedestal in New York Harbor. In June 1885, the dismantled Statue of Liberty arrived in the New World, enclosed in more than 200 packing cases. Its copper sheets were reassembled, and the last rivet of the monument was fitted on October 28, 1886, during a dedication presided over by President Cleveland and attended by numerous French and American dignitaries.
On the pedestal was inscribed “The New Colossus,” a sonnet by American poet Emma Lazarus that welcomed immigrants to the United States with the declaration, “Give me your tired, your poor, / Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, / The wretched refuse of your teeming shore. / Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me. / I lift my lamp beside the golden door.” In 1892, Ellis Island, adjacent to Bedloe’s Island, opened as the chief entry station for immigrants to the United States, and for the next 32 years more than 12 million immigrants were welcomed into New York harbor by the sight of “Lady Liberty.” In 1924, the Statue of Liberty was made a national monument, and in 1956 Bedloe’s Island was renamed Liberty Island. The statue underwent a major restoration in the 1980s.     

 National Chocolate Day

If it seems like we celebrate a chocolate-related holiday every month, it’s because we do. Farmflavor.com has compiled a list of all of them.
There is no better way to celebrate the approach of Halloween than with a piece of chocolate and no better day than National Chocolate Day.
Chocolate comes from the seed of the tropical Theobroma cacao tree. Cacao, which has been cultivated for at least three millennia, is grown in Mexico, Central America, and Northern South America. The earliest known documentation of using cacao seeds is from around 1100 BC.
While I always enjoy the way chocolate tastes, I have never really thought about how it’s made. Here are a few insights into how your chocolate bar makes it into your grocery store.

Cacao trees grow around the world in tropical areas. They grow pods, which contain about 20 to 40 cacao beans. Cacao tree seeds have a very intense, bitter taste that must be fermented, usually for a week, to develop the flavor. Once the seeds have been fermented, the beans are dried, cleaned and roasted. After roasting, the shell is removed to produce cacao nibs. The cacao nibs are then ground into cocoa mass, which is pure chocolate in rough form. At this point in the process, it is called chocolate liquor – and no, it’s not alcoholic. The chocolate liquor is then usually liquefied then molded, pressed, and processed into two components: cocoa solids and cocoa butter. Depending on the kind of chocolate (milk, bittersweet, semisweet, etc.) cocoa butter, milk and sugar are added to the chocolate powder. It is then shipped to candy manufacturers who make it into the candy bars we know and love. 

There are four major types of chocolate.

  • Unsweetened baking chocolate –  cocoa solids and cocoa butter in varying proportions.
  • Sweet chocolate –  cocoa solids, cocoa butter or other fat and sugar.
  • Milk chocolate – sweet chocolate with milk powder or condensed milk.
  • White chocolate – cocoa butter, sugar, and milk but no cocoa solids.

So, enjoy some chocolate today. Just be sure to save some for the Trick or Treaters Monday night.
Chocolate Factoids:

  1. Americans consume an average of 12 pounds per person per year.
  2. Valentine’s Day and Easter are two of the top holidays for buying chocolate, followed closely by Halloween and Christmas.
  3. Chocolate, when eaten in moderation, has been shown to lower blood pressure.

Wild Foods Day

Wild Foods Day is a celebration of wild plants, fruits, and vegetables. Humans have been eating plants and harvesting food from the wild for thousands of years. Due to a popular trend, wild plants now often appear on menus in gourmet restaurants and raw food restaurants. Wild foods are free of preservatives and pesticides, and eating them is part of an eco-friendly lifestyle. Today, take part in an age-old tradition and take a walk in the woods to find some edible wild plants to eat. Make sure you learn how to properly identify and prepare the wild plants before you consume them. You should also learn where to find them and if they have any nutritional value.

Frankenstein Friday

International Animation Day

National Breadstick Day – Last Friday in October.

Plush Animal Lovers Day 

St. Jude’s Day  

On this date in

  • 1636 – Harvard College was founded in Massachusetts. The original name was Court of Massachusetts Bay Colony. It was the first school of higher education in America.
  • 1776 – The Battle of White Plains took place during the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1793 – Eli Whitney applied for a patent for his cotton gin.
  • 1886 – The Statue of Liberty was dedicated in New York Harbor by President Cleveland. The statue weighs 225 tons and is 152 feet tall. It was originally known as “Liberty Enlightening the World.”
  • 1904 – The St. Louis Police Department became the first to use fingerprinting.
  • 1919 – Congress enacted the Volstead Act, also known as the National Prohibition Act. Prohibition was repealed in 1933 with the passing of the 21st Amendment to the Constitution.
  • 1922 – Benito Mussolini took control of the Italian government and introduced fascism to Italy.
  • 1936 – The Statue of Liberty was rededicated by President Roosevelt on its 50th anniversary.
  • 1949 – President Harry Truman swore in Eugenie Moore Anderson as the United States ambassador to Denmark. Anderson was the first woman to hold the post of ambassador.
  • 1958 – Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli was elected Pope. He took the name, John XXIII.
  • 1962 – Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev informed the U.S. that he had ordered the dismantling of Soviet missile bases in Cuba.
  • 1965 – Pope Paul VI issued a decree absolving Jews of collective guilt for the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.
  • 1965 – The Gateway Arch along the waterfront in St. Louis, MO, was completed.
  • 1976 – John D. Erlichman, a former aide to President Richard Nixon, entered a federal prison camp in Safford, AZ, to begin serving his sentence for Watergate-related convictions.
  • 1983 – The United States vetoed a U.N. Security Council resolution “deeply deploring” the ongoing U.S.-led invasion of Grenada.
  • 1985 – John A. Walker Jr. and his son, Michael Lance Walker, pled guilty to charges of spying for the Soviet Union.
  • 1986 – The centennial of the Statue of Liberty was celebrated in New York.
  • 1990 – Iraq announced that it was halting gasoline rationing.
  • 1993 – Ousted Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, called for a complete blockade of Haiti to force out the military leaders.
  • 1994 – President Clinton visited Kuwait and implied that all the troops there would be home by Christmas.

Celebrity Birthdays

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