November 30th – Computer Security Day

November 30, 2017 at 12:01 am | Posted in Today's Reasons To Celebrate | Leave a comment

Good morning fans of secure internet. Today is Thursday, November 30, 2017. Today’s reasons to celebrate are:

Computer Security Day

On the heels of yesterday’s Package Protection Day comes another security-related holiday – Computer Security Day. Computer Security Day was created in 1988 by the Association for Computer Security to raise awareness concerning computer security issues. These days, electronic devices such as smartphones, tablets, and computers are a part of our everyday lives. While they make communication easier and more efficient, they also bring with them new concerns about privacy and security. These days, there is any number of threats to your devices that can make our online experiences challenging – Identity theft, fraud, ransomware viruses, etc. The goal of Computer Security Day is to remind people to protect their computers and information and is observed globally on November 30th. [Some organizations choose to observe this holiday on the next business day if November 30th falls on a weekend].
I briefly touched on the subject of “cybersecurity” in my post on Cyber Monday a few days ago. If you are a shopper who prefers to shop online for the holidays rather than face the hordes of shoppers pushing and shoving their way through stores and malls across the nation, then it behooves you to ensure the safety of your online shopping experience.
In 1988, the internet was in its infancy, but even then the need for security was becoming apparent. Hacking and computer viruses have been around since the early days of modern computing, evolving and becoming increasingly more sophisticated as technology advanced. More importantly, data stored on computers and servers became even more valuable to hackers – from big corporations to individual’s personal information.
If you haven’t already taken steps to ensure your computer’s security, I urge you to do so today. There are a few things that you can focus on to ensure that your computer, your devices, and the data you have in the cloud are all secure.

  1. Create strong passwords and keep them updated regularly. — This reduces the chances of your personal data falling into the wrong hands. If you aren’t the sort of person who’s good at coming up with strong passwords (and let’s be honest, some of us aren’t), then there are a number of password managers which you can choose from to generate random passwords and save them so you don’t have to remember.
  2. Mix upper and lowercase letters with symbols, as this can be harder to guess and difficult to hack – and passwords increase in difficulty the longer they are. Surprisingly, even with the emphasis on cybersecurity, too many people still use passwords like “123456” and “password” (they have been the two most popular passwords for years now).
  3. Don’t use the same password over and over for every online account you have – this ensures that if someone manages to get into one of your accounts, then they can gain access to all of your accounts. Bad idea. So make strong passwords, don’t recycle them, and update them regularly.
  4. Update all of your spyware and malware protection software.  — Any good anti-virus program will not only protect your computer from viruses and it should already include the software needed to make your computer secure and safe for online shopping. There are a number of products available from which to choose, and no matter which one you choose, it will be well worth the investment. Follow up with thorough scans, and you should have a more secure computer or device.
  5. Remember that your other devices such as tablets and smartphones are also vulnerable to malware and spyware – so take the necessary measures to keep them secure.
  6. If you are using an outdated operating system such as Windows Vista or Windows XP, upgrade the OS on your device or buy a new one. Even if you have a newer operating system, it’s still important to keep your device up to date by installing the latest security updates from the manufacturer.
  7. Encrypt all of your files and back them up. — Your device should give you the option to encrypt all of your files (this is typically found in the settings). Be sure to regularly back up your important data onto a separate external device or one of the many “cloud” services available.

National Methamphetamine Awareness Day  

On this date in 2006, the Department of Justice sponsored the first National Methamphetamine Awareness Day to generate awareness about the damaging effects of ‘meth’ abuse on individuals, families and American communities. Education and public outreach are at the heart of the national drug control strategy, and National Methamphetamine Awareness Day will play an important role in highlighting the nationwide efforts to increase awareness and decrease demand of this highly addictive and dangerous drug.
Each year since the Department of Justice joins with state Attorneys General and state and local law enforcement to discuss the broader impact that meth production and use are having on our communities. Across the nation, U.S. Attorneys, along with state and local leaders, will coordinate a variety of educational events targeting their specific communities.  National Methamphetamine Awareness Day is a coordinated effort not only to reach potential meth users with a message of prevention but also to educate current users about the programs available to them.

National Mason Jar Day

National Mason Jar Day is another holiday that is new to the National Day Calendar, being celebrated for the first time this year. The new holiday was created by Misty Campbell-Olbert, to celebrate the versatile mason jar. The Registrar at National Day Calendar proclaimed National Mason Jar Day to be observed annually beginning in 2017.
National Mason Jar Day celebrates the mason jar, an ingenious invention that has many uses – however, their primary and intended use are in food preservation. While some forms of food preservation have existed for centuries, it wasn’t until John Landis Mason’s patent #22186 for an “Improvement in screw neck bottles” was issued that home canning became safe and reliable. The young tinsmith from New Jersey had created a revolutionary design using a screw cap, a tin lid, and a rubber seal. Ever since gardeners have stocked their pantries with canned fresh fruits and vegetables from their gardens. His invention made it possible to enjoy the flavors of summer even in the harshest winter. For those who like to pickle foods, Mr, Mason’s patented jar makes it possible to pickle just about every fruit and vegetable in the garden – from the traditional cucumbers to green beans to watermelon.
For decades, mason jars have been synonymous with ingenuity, independence, and creativity – all things worthy of celebration. Aside from their intended purpose, mason jars can be used to store your valuable collectibles or the olio of small, odd-shaped items that “you might use someday.” Mason jars can be used in a variety of DIY projects as well.  They can be made into candles, used as sconces, filled with colorful rocks, sand, or beads and used to decorate your home, used as “shabby-chic” vases for your flowers, or can even be used as desk caddies for your office items. Your imagination is the only limiting factor to the usefulness of your mason jars.
To celebrate National Mason Jar Day, count the was you already use your mason jars around your home and/or devise other ways to use them. Buy some food packaged in mason jars, eat it, then add the empty jars to your collection. You’ll find another use for them in no time.

Perpetual Youth Day

Perpetual Youth Day is celebrated annually on November 30th in honor of Dick Clark’s birthday. Clark, who earned the nickname of “America’s oldest teenager,” appeared to age very little during the five decades of his career.
In 1952, Clark began hosting a local Philadelphia television show called Bandstand. In 1957, he pitched the show to ABC as cheap, easy afternoon programming that would appeal to youth. The network, perennially in third place, was desperate to capture that demographic. On August 5, 1957, American Bandstand premiered to a national audience. It was an instant hit. Clark hosted the show for thirty years, giving many bands their first United States TV appearances. Among the diverse artists he introduced to American audiences were Aretha Franklin, Madonna, The Doors, Stevie Wonder, Sonny and Cher, Ike and Tina Turner, Neil Diamond, The Guess Who, Barry Manilow, Adam and the Ants, Kim Carnes, Blondie, Smokey Robinson and the Miracles, Grace Jones, Gladys Knight and the Pips, and Prince.
Clark, the clean-cut, “square” host, sometimes made music history. According to one source, on August 6, 1960, the scheduled guest Hank Ballard and the Midnighters fail to show up to perform their hit R&B song “The Twist.” Clark convinced his friend Chubby Checker to go into the studio quickly and cut a soundalike version in half an hour. Demonstrating the dance on TV, Chubby got an instant #1 hit and set off the nationwide “dance craze” that lasted the better part of two years.
American Bandstand was not Dick Clark’s only claim to fame. In 1959, he hosted a forty-nine-day road show called Caravan of Stars that traveled throughout the U.S. and Canada and featured Bo Diddley, Bobby Darin, Buddy Holly, Annette Funicello and Chuck Berry, backed by a seventeen-piece orchestra. He hosted the Dick Clark Show (1958-60) and Where the Action Is (1965-67), produced and/or hosted TV’s Bloopers & Practical Jokes (on-and-off, in one form or other, from 1984-2012). He founded Dick Clark Productions in 1957, which is now the world’s largest owner and producer of events such as Academy of Country Music Awards, Billboard Music Awards, Golden Globe Awards and Miss America and weekly programs such as So You Think You Can Dance. Dick Clark hosted New Year’s Rockin’ Eve from January 1, 1974, through January 1, 2004.
In 2012, Clark suffered a massive heart attack during prostate surgery and died – however, his legacy will live forever.

National Mousse Day

National Mousse Day does not celebrate those pesky rodents that occasionally invade your home, nor does it celebrate the largest antlered, cloven-hooved ruminant in North America. National Mousse Day is celebrated annually on this date and celebrates mousse, the sometimes savory, sometimes sweet, food product in all of its forms.
The word mousse in French means froth or foam. A mousse is a soft prepared food that incorporates air bubbles to give it a light and airy texture and is typically made with whipped egg whites or cream and is often fortified with gelatin. Its consistency can vary from light and airy to thick and creamy. Mousse first became popular in 18th century France but did not become prominent in the United States until the end of the 19th century. Mousse is soft, and is often light and fluffy, but can also be creamy and thick. It can be sweet or savory and is often served chilled, although some types are served hot.
Savory mousse can be made from meat, fish, shellfish, foie gras, cheese or even vegetables. Hot mousse usually gets their light texture from the addition of beaten egg whites. They’re generally baked in a water bath to prevent the mixture from curdling.
The sweet variety of mousse is made from whipped egg whites and whipped cream and is flavored with things such as chocolate, coffee, caramel, nuts, fruit, and herbs and spices, such as mint and vanilla. It is served as a dessert and can be used as a cake filling.
Whether sweet or savory, a mousse can complement any meal. From a smokey salmon mousse as the first course to a tart lemon or creamy chocolate mousse for dessert, there is virtually no limit to the flavors we can incorporate into a mousse.
Factoid: When applied to wine, the word mousse describes the foam that forms on the surface of champagne or other sparkling wine when it is first poured. Mousse is analogous to the term “head,” which is the foam on a freshly poured glass of beer.

More Holidays  

Below is a list of other holidays celebrated on this date worthy of mention: 

Historical Events

Below is a list of significant historical events that occurred on this date:

  • In 1782 – The United States and Britain signed preliminary peace articles in Paris, ending the Revolutionary War.
  • In 1803 – Spain completed the process of ceding Louisiana to France.
  • In 1804 – Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase went on trial accused of political bias. He was later acquitted by the Senate.
  • In 1838 – Three days after the French occupation of Vera Cruz, Mexico declared war on France.
  • In 1853 – During the Crimean War, the Russian fleet attacked and destroyed the Turkish fleet at the battle of Sinope.
  • In 1872 – The first international football (soccer) match was played. The match between England and Scotland was held at West of Scotland Cricket Club in Partick, Scotland. The game ended with a 0-0 draw.
  • In 1875 – A.J. Ehrichson patented the oat-crushing machine.
  • In 1897 – Thomas Edison’s own motion picture projector had its first commercial exhibition.
  • In 1936 – London’s famed Crystal Palace was destroyed in a fire. The structure had been constructed for the International Exhibition of 1851.
  • In 1939 – The Russo-Finnish War (aka The Winter War) began when 20 divisions of Soviet troops invaded Finland. The 4-month long war between Finland and the Soviet Union began after the USSR invaded Finland and bombed Helsinki. The conflict ended on March 30, 1940, with the two countries signing the Moscow Peace Treaty. In retaliation for its actions, the Soviet Union was expelled from the League of Nations.
  • In 1940 – Lucille Ball and Cuban musician Desi Arnaz were married. Their marriage lasted for 20 years.
  • In 1947 – Civil war erupted in Palestine. The conflict began the day after the United Nations General Assembly voted on a resolution that provided a partition plan for Palestine. The war was wracked by violence which began on November 30 after two buses full of Israeli passengers were attacked by Arab gunmen and snipers shot pedestrians in Tel Aviv. On May 14, Israel declared itself an independent state and on May 15, the Civil War turned into a regional war after a coalition of Arab states that included Egypt, Jordan, and Syria, joined the conflict.
  • In 1949 – Chinese Communists captured Chungking.
  • In 1954 – In Sylacauga, AL, Elizabeth Hodges was injured when a meteorite crashed through the roof of her house.
  • In 1956 – CBS replayed the program “Douglas Edward and the News” three hours after it was received on the West Coast. It was the world’s first broadcast via videotape.
  • In 1962 – U Thant of Burma was elected secretary-general of the United Nations, succeeding the late Dag Hammarskjold.
  • In 1966 – The former British colony of Barbados became independent.
  • In 1967 – Julie Nixon and David Eisenhower announced their engagement.
  • In 1971 – ABC-TV aired “Brian’s Song.” The movie was about Chicago Bears’ Brian Picolo and his friendship with Gale Sayers.
  • In 1981 – The United States and the Soviet Union opened negotiations in Geneva that were aimed at reducing nuclear weapons in Europe.
  • In 1982 – Michael Jackson’s “Thriller” was released worldwide. Thought to be the best-selling album of all time, the album, which had 9 tracks, won 8 Grammy Awards, including the award for Album of the Year in 1984.
  • In 1986 – “Time” magazine published an interview with President Reagan. In the article, Reagan described fired national security staffer Oliver North as a “national hero.”
  • In 1989 – Alfred Herrhausen was killed in a bombing. The Red Army Faction claimed responsibility for killing Herrhausen the chairman of West Germany’s largest bank.
  • In 1989 – PLO leader Yasser Arafat was refused a visa to enter the United States in order to address the U.N. General Assembly in New York City.
  • In 1993 – U.S. President Clinton signed into law the Brady Bill. The bill required a five-day waiting period for handgun purchases and background checks of prospective buyers.
  • In 1993 – Richard Allen Davis was arrested by authorities in California. Davis confessed to abducting and slaying 12-year-old Polly Klaas of Petaluma.
  • In 1995 – President Clinton became the first U.S. chief executive to visit Northern Ireland.
  • In 2001 – In Seattle, WA, Gary Leon Ridgeway was arrested for four of the Green River serial killings. He was pled innocent on December 18, 2001.

Noteworthy Birthdays

If you were born on this date, Happy Birthday. You share your birthday with the following list of illustrious individuals – and about 20-million other people.

November 29th – Let There Be Light

November 29, 2017 at 12:01 am | Posted in Today's Reasons To Celebrate | Leave a comment

Good morning my festive friends. Today is Wednesday, November 29, 2017. Today’s reasons to celebrate are:

Rockefeller Center Christmas Tree Lighting

The Rockefeller Center Christmas Tree Lighting ceremony has become a national tradition hearkening back to the days of the Great Depression. On Christmas Eve of 1931, a group of construction workers erected a small, Spruce Christmas tree on the site of what would become Rockefeller Center. In Rockefeller Center’s inaugural year, 1933, the first official Rockefeller Center Christmas Tree Lighting took place. Every year since 1933, an evergreen tree plucked from its spot in New York, Vermont, Ohio, or Pennsylvania or even Canada is erected at 30 Rockefeller Plaza. It is trimmed with hundreds of ornaments and thousands of colorful lights and topped with a star. On the Wednesday after Thanksgiving, the lighting ceremony is held. It has become a national event including skating pageants, live entertainment, and television specials.
In order to be considered for selection to grace the coveted Rockefeller Center spot, the tree must be a Norway spruce and exceed 65 feet tall. The tallest tree ever selected was a 100 foot Norway Spruce from Killingworth, Connecticut.
The tree remains lit until the Christian feast of the Epiphany. The tree is then donated to various worthwhile organizations. In years past, the tree has been ground into mulch and donated to the Boy Scouts of America to be sold to fund projects. Recently, Habitat for Humanity has been a benefactor of the great tree for use in the construction of homes.
For further information on the Rockefeller Center Christmas Tree Lighting, click this link.

National Square Dance Day

Square dancing is a form of folk dancing that has its roots in traditional English, Irish, and Scottish folk dance. Square dances were first documented in 17th century England. They came to North America right along with the European settlers, where they were modified and improved over the years. The Western American square dance is perhaps the most famous type of square dance worldwide; in fact, the square dance is the official dance of 19 American states.
Square dancing is mainly associated with a romanticized image of the Old West, and cowboys wooing Southern belles during dances organized at saloons to celebrate various occasions. The dance is accompanied by jolly, lively music on guitars, fiddles, accordions, and bagpipes. The dances normally form patterns of lines, circles and, as the name suggests, squares, with couples – male/female, female/female or male/male – taking a turn in every role. As it evolved in the America, a caller was added, to help dancers stay in step. The dancers are prompted through the square dance choreography to the beat of the music. Sometimes, this so-called “caller” is one of the dancers, but more commonly the “caller” is found on the stage with the band. Interest in square dancing, which had waned during the World Wars, experienced a revival in New York City in the 195o’s during the American folk music revival.
Square Dancing is both fun, and great exercise. Medical sites and journals speak to its health benefits for people of all ages.
The origin of National Square Dance Day is unknown. If you don’t already know how to Square Dance, perhaps Square Dance Day is the day to learn. “Do Sa Do” everybody.

National Package Protection Day

National Package Protection Day is celebrated on the Wednesday after Thanksgiving and encourages homeowners to stay alert and protect their homes against package theft, which becomes more and more prevalent during the holiday season.
With the advent of the big shopping days right after Thanksgiving, Black Friday and Cyber Monday, there became a need for a day that raises awareness of package theft and helps homeowners protect themselves against thieves. The internet has made it easier to find deals and to have packages shipped directly to our homes. But this has also made it easier for thieves to snatch our deliveries right from our doorsteps.
Below is a list of steps that you can take to prevent becoming a victim of package theft.

  1. If you can’t be at home during the delivery company’s inflexible delivery window, make arrangements with a trusted neighbor to pick up your package after it is delivered.
  2. Call the delivery company to reschedule your delivery at a time more convenient to you.
  3. Make arrangements to pick up your package directly from the delivery company.

Customer is Wrong Day  

If you work in retail, Customer is Wrong Day could turn out to be a dangerous holiday, because if you make it too apparent to the customer, you may be hunting for a new job tomorrow – celebrate it at your own risk!
Sure, you may receive some instant gratification to be sure, but, unless you are ready to make a career change, I recommend that you weigh the risks and the benefits before you begin your mantra of “The Customer is Wrong”!

National Lemon Cream Pie Day

Cream pies, in general, are among America’s favorite desserts. Chocolate, banana, strawberry, and coconut are traditional favorites. Lemon Cream Pie is a tart, but sweet dessert usually made with a lemon custard and topped with [often lemon flavored] whipped cream.
Alas, Lemon Creme Pie is often overshadowed by its cousin Lemon Meringue Pie. Many people incorrectly use the terms ‘creme’ and ‘meringue’ interchangeably, as this anecdote illustrates.

In my travels as an over-the-road truck driver, I seldom ordered dessert, but on this occasion, I was craving a piece of chocolate creme pie, so I ordered a slice. The waitress brought me a piece chocolate pie topped with meringue. I said that I ordered chocolate creme pie, not chocolate meringue pie. The waitress then actually said to me: “Creme, meringue, what’s the difference?” I said: “I don’t know. What’s the difference between a cow and a chicken?” I told her to take it back and bring me my check.

Anyway, I digress. Treat yourself to a slice of tasty and refreshing lemon creme pie today.

More Holidays  

Below is a list of other holidays celebrated on this date worthy of mention: 

Historical Events

Below is a list of significant historical events that occurred on this date:

  • In 1777 – The City of San Jose California was founded. San Jose was founded as San José de Guadalupe and was the first city to be settled in California. Before the Spanish settled in the city, the area was inhabited by the Ohlone people. San Jose was the first capital of the state of California, which was established in 1850.
  • In 1864 – The Sand Creek Massacre occurred in Colorado when a militia led by Colonel John Chivington, killed at least 400 peaceful Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians who had surrendered and had been given permission to camp.
  • In 1890 – Navy defeated Army by a score of 24-0 in the first Army-Navy football game. The game was played at West Point, NY.
  • In 1899 – The popular football (soccer) club FC Barcelona was founded by footballer Hans Gamper. Informally known as Barça, the club is thought to be one of the top 5 richest football clubs in the world. The club has won 4 European Cups (1978-79, 1981-82, 1988-89, 1996-97) and is a 5 time Champions League winner (1991-92, 2005-06, 2008-09, 2010-11, 2014-15).
  • In 1929 – American explorer Richard E. Byrd became the first person to fly over the South Pole. The flight took just over 18 hours. Three years earlier, Byrd claimed to have flown over the North Pole, though there is some debate whether he actually accomplished the feat.
  • In 1939 – The USSR broke off diplomatic relations with Finland prior to a Soviet attack.
  • In 1947 – The U.N. General Assembly passed a resolution that called for the division of Palestine between Arabs and Jews.
  • In 1951 – The Thai military took over the country’s governance in a silent coup and reinstated the 1932 Constitution.
  • In 1961 – The Mercury-Atlas 5 spacecraft was launched by the U.S. with Enos the chimp on board. The craft orbited the earth twice before landing off Puerto Rico.
  • In 1963 – A Trans-Canada Airlines DC-8F with 111 passengers and 7 crew members crashed in woods north of Montreal 4 minutes after takeoff from Dorval Airport. All aboard were killed. The crash was the worst in Canada’s history.
  • In 1963 – President Johnson named a commission headed by Earl Warren to investigate the assassination of President Kennedy.
  • In 1967 – Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara announced that he was leaving the Johnson administration to become president of the World Bank.
  • In 1971 – The Professional Golf Championship was held at Walt Disney World for the first time.
  • In 1972 – One of the very first arcade games to hit the market, Pong, was released by Atari. Pong is a 1 or 2 player video game similar to tennis, where the goal is to use a paddle to hit a ball. Around 35000 Pong consoles were sold around the world.
  • In 1974 – In Britain, a bill that outlawed the Irish Republican Army became effective.
  • In 1975 – Bill Gates adopted the name Microsoft for the company he and Paul Allen had formed to write the BASIC computer language for the Altair.
  • In 1981 – Actress Natalie Wood drowned in a boating accident off Santa Catalina Island, CA, at the age 43.
  • In 1982 – The U.N. General Assembly voted that the Soviet Union should withdraw its troops from Afghanistan.
  • In 1987 – A Korean jetliner disappeared off Burma, with 115 people aboard.
  • In 1988 – The Supreme Court ruled that the rights of criminal defendants are not violated when police unintentionally fail to preserve potentially vital evidence.
  • In 1989 – In Czechoslovakia, the Communist-run parliament ended the party’s 40-year monopoly on power.
  • In 1990 – The U.N. Security Council voted to authorize military action if Iraq did not withdraw its troops from Kuwait and release all foreign hostages by January 15, 1991.
  • In 1991 – Seventeen people were killed in a 164-vehicle wreck during a dust storm near Coalinga, CA, on Interstate 5.
  • In 1994 – The House passed the revised General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade.
  • In 1996 – A U.N. court sentenced Bosnian Serb army soldier Drazen Erdemovic to 10 years in prison for his role in the massacre of 1,200 Muslims. The sentence was the first international war crimes sentence since World War II.
  • In 1998 – Swiss voters overwhelmingly rejected legalizing heroin and other narcotics.
  • In 2004 – The French government announced plans to build the Louvre II in northern France. The 236,808 square foot museum was the planned home for 500-600 works from the Louvre’s reserves.
  • In 2004 – Godzilla received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

Noteworthy Birthdays

If you were born on this date, Happy Birthday. You share your birthday with the following list of illustrious individuals – and about 20-million other people.

November 28th – Giving Tuesday (aka National Day of Giving)

November 28, 2017 at 12:01 am | Posted in Today's Reasons To Celebrate | Leave a comment

Good morning my generous friends. Today is Tuesday, November 28, 2017. Today’s reasons to celebrate are:

Giving Tuesday

Giving Tuesday, also known as National Day of Giving,  is celebrated on the Tuesday after Thanksgiving. After the crass commercialism of Black Friday, Small Business Saturday, and Cyber Monday, Giving Tuesday kicks off the season of giving.
The tradition of charitable giving during the holidays began thousands of years ago. Today, it continues to be an important part of many cultures and religions around the world and has been a long-standing tradition in America since its creation.
Giving Tuesday was created when two organizations, the 92nd Street Y and the United Nations Foundation came together in 2012, about a month before that year’s Thanksgiving. Their intention was to set aside a day that was all about celebrating the generosity of giving. Social media played a big part in spreading the word about Giving Tuesday quickly. The first announcement about Giving Tuesday was made through Mashable, a technology website. The first Giving Tuesday was covered extensively by the Washington Post, the Huffington Post, ABC News, Deseret News, and the White House official blog, causing the scheme to gain an enormous amount of popularity in a short period of time. Giving Tuesday is organized and celebrated each year with the simple aim of encouraging individuals, families, schools, businesses, and other organizations to give to the less fortunate.
There is no shortage of ways to celebrate Giving Tuesday. Secret Santa programs, donating money, and volunteering your time are just a few.

Red Planet Day

Red Planet Day commemorates the launch of the Spacecraft Mariner 4 on November 28,1964. The 228-day mission of Mariner 4 brought the spacecraft within 6,118 miles of Mars on July 14, 1965. It honors our closest celestial neighbor, the fourth planet in the solar system. In the 8 months that it was on its mission, the Mariner 4 became the first spacecraft to successfully fly by Mars. It also gave the world the first close-up images of Mars. Since then several exploratory missions have been sent to Mars to gather data about the planet.
Today, 5 spacecraft orbit Mars and 2 spacecraft – the Curiosity Rover and the Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity – are on the planet’s surface. All 7 send an incredible amount of data about the planet back to astronomers on Earth.
Mars is similar to Earth in many ways – it has the same rotational period and seasonal cycles – Mars has 2 moons, Deimos and Phobos, and has the largest volcano, Olympus Mons, in the Solar System. Because of its similarity to Earth, many astronomers and scientists believe that at some point in its history Mars may have been a hospitable planet for life. Exploration of Mars has been high on the agenda of the space programs of many countries. NASA, the American space agency has estimated that it could send humans to the Red Planet by the 2030’s.
The planet Mars is referred to as the “Red Planet” because it appears red when viewed from Earth. Scientists speculate that it gets its red hue from the high amount of iron oxide (rust) on its surface.
On Red Planet Day, take a few minutes to look upwards into the sky, and gaze at our neighbor. Hopefully, you will have a cloudless night sky for viewing. You can also recognize this holiday by reading up about Mars and viewing pictures of it. There are plenty of pictures online.
Because of its proximity to Earth, there is much debate about whether or not life ever existed on Mars. Marvin the Martian, Bugs Bunny’s nemesis in a number Warner Brother’s cartoons, weighs in on the ‘yes’ side of the argument – and will “scrooch” you if you disagree.
Below are some interesting facts about Mars.

  • Mars is the fourth Planet from the Sun.
  • Mars gets its name from the Greek word “Ares”, the God of War
  • Mars is often visible to the naked eye in the night sky.
  •  The distance of Mars from the Sun averages 136,764,000 miles.
  • Mars’ rotation around the Sun takes 687 Earth days.
  • Mars’ rotation period: 1.026 Earth days.
  • Mars’ gravity is 1/3 that of Earth.
  • Mars is the 7th largest planet, about 1/10th the mass of Earth.
  • Mars’  temperature range is -207 to +81 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • Mar’s atmosphere is nothing like the Earth’s. It’s thin and composed mostly of carbon dioxide.
  • A man who weighed 100 pounds on Earth would weigh only 38 pounds on Mars because of the difference in gravity.

Make Your Own Head Day

Well, this holiday makes no sense to me. I think whoever created this holiday was prematurely dipping into the holiday eggnog. From what I gather from my sources, you are supposed to make a piece of art in your own image.
Aside from the literal translation, this holiday could also be interpreted to mean that you should make up your own mind, take some time for self-reflection, or just be yourself. Stop trying to wear someone else’s hat if it doesn’t fit. Or, perhaps this holiday is about your perception of yourself – in other words, how you see yourself as compared to what others see. I just don’t know.
There was an interesting video on YouTube a while ago where a forensic artist drew a picture of a group of women according to the way they described themselves, then drew another picture of that person according to the way another person described them. The artist was behind a curtain and couldn’t see the subject. The results were surprising.
Not being artistically inclined (it takes me 3 attempts to draw a “happy face”), I probably will not be celebrating Make Your Own Head Day. But, if you are artistically inclined, why not give it a try?

It’s Letter Writing Day

It’s Letter Writing Day is celebrated annually on this date and urges you to, oddly enough, write some letters today.  Bonus points if you use the cursive alphabet that your teachers so painstakingly tried to teach you in Elementary School (if you still remember how).
To celebrate It’s Letter Writing Day, write some letters to your friends and distant family today. They’ll be glad to hear from you. Heck, why not kill two birds with one stone and use It’s Letter Writing Day to compose those epic tomes that you include in your Christmas cards updating your friends and family on the happenings in your life over the past year?
Semi-writing-related Factoid: The first skywriting occurred on this date in 1922. Captain Cyril Turner, British Royal Air Force ace pilot, flew into position over New York City, spelling out “HELLO USA CALL VANDERBILT 7200” in plumes of white smoke. Over 47,000 people called the number. The telephone number was that of the Vanderbilt Hotel, where George Hill, president of the American Tobacco Company, was sitting with skywriting pioneer and RAF pilot John Savage. So convinced was Mr. Hill by this exhibition that he contracted Mr. Savage to use skywriting advertisements to promote Lucky Strike Cigarettes – and the first widespread commercial use of skywriting was born.

Turkey Leftover Day

Thanksgiving was last week and by now, you’re probably pretty tired of eating turkey. You’ve made hot and cold turkey sandwiches, turkey noodle soup, turkey hash, and turkey a la king and now, it’s time to either finish it off or throw it out.
It only takes a few days for leftover food to go bad. Bacteria can grow in any food that needs refrigerating when left at room temperature for longer than two hours, so, after a few days of heating and cooling and heating and cooling your leftover turkey, it’s best to throw it out to avoid the risk of food-borne illness.

National French Toast Day

French Toast is the perfect way to start your day. The basic recipe for French Toast is bread, milk, eggs, vanilla, and some sugar and cinnamon, and then topped with delicious maple syrup, but many variations of this classic breakfast can be found around the world.
The origin of French Toast is unknown, but recipes date back to the sixteenth century in Europe and although we tend to call it French Toast, the dish didn’t originate in France. Some ancient Latin recipes from the 4th-century mention soaking bread in milk before frying What we in America know as French Toast has many other names depending on where you are from, including – eggy bread, German toast, and Bombay toast – but they all start with the same basic ingredients in mentioned above. Prior to the Hundred Years War, French toast was known in England as “poor knight’s pudding” because it was a simple and inexpensive dish that a knight with no money could afford. In France, it was called “pan perdu” or lost bread, because it was a way of using lost or stale bread.
Regardless of what you call it, treat your family to some French Toast for breakfast this morning.

Historical Events

Below is a list of significant historical events that occurred on this date:

  • In 1919 – American-born Lady Astor was elected the first female member of the British Parliament
  • In 1925 – The Grand Ole Opry made its radio debut on station WSM.
  • In 1934 – Notorious bank robber George “Baby Face” Nelson was killed by FBI agents near Barrington, IL.
  • In 1942 – A fire destroyed the Coconut Grove in Boston. 491 people died in that fire.
  • In 1943 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet Leader Joseph Stalin met at the Soviet Embassy in Tehran to map out strategy concerning World War II. The conference dealt with the Axis powers in Europe and Asia and made plans to open up a second front against the Germans in France during WW II.
  • In 1953 – New York City began 11 days without newspapers due to a strike of photoengravers.
  • In 1958 – The African nation of Chad became an autonomous republic within the French community.
  • In 1963 – President Johnson announced that Cape Canaveral would be renamed Cape Kennedy in honor of his assassinated predecessor. The name was changed back to Cape Canaveral in 1973 by a vote of residents.
  • In 1964 – NASA launched the Mariner 4. It was the first spacecraft to make a flyby of Mars and was also the first to send images of a Mars back to Earth.
  • In 1967 – Graduate student Jocelyn Bell and her advisor Antony Hewish at Cambridge University were the first people to observe and discover pulsars. Pulsars are rapidly spinning neutron magnetized stars that emit radiation.
  • In 1975 – East Timor declared its independence from Portugal.
  • In 1977 – Larry Bird was introduced as “College Basketball’s Secret Weapon” with a cover story in Sports Illustrated.
  • In 1978 – The Iranian government banned religious marches.
  • In 1979 – An Air New Zealand DC-10 flying to the South Pole crashed in Antarctica killing all 257 people aboard.
  • In 1983 – The space shuttle Columbia took off with the STS-9 Spacelab in its cargo bay.
  • In 1985 – The Irish Senate approved the Anglo-Irish accord concerning Northern Ireland.
  • In 1987 – A South African Airways Boeing 747 crashed into the Indian Ocean. All 159 people aboard were killed.
  • In 1989 – Romanian gymnast Nadia Comaneci arrived in New York after escaping her homeland through Hungary.
  • In 1990 – Margaret Thatcher resigned as prime minister of Britain.
  • In 1991 – South Ossetia declared its independence. The disputed region in the country of Georgia called itself the Republic of South Ossetia. The declaration of independence was not recognized by Georgia and was followed by the South Ossetia War. Only a few countries, including Russia and Venezuela, recognize it as a sovereign country.
  • In 1992 – In Bosnia-Herzegovina, 137 tons of food and supplies were to be delivered to the isolated town of Srebrenica.
  • In 1992 – In King William’s Town, South Africa, black militant gunmen attacked a country club killing four people and injuring 20.
  • In 1994 – Jeffrey Dahmer, a convicted serial killer, was clubbed to death in a Wisconsin prison by a fellow inmate.
  • In 1994 – Norwegian voters rejected European Union membership.
  • In 1995 – President Clinton signed a $6 billion road bill that ended the federal 55 mph speed limit.
  • In 2010 – WikiLeaks released to the public more than 250,000 United States diplomatic cables. About 100,000 were marked “secret” or “confidential.”

Noteworthy Birthdays

If you were born on this date, Happy Birthday. You share your birthday with the following list of illustrious individuals – and about 20-million other people.

November 27th – Cyber Monday

November 27, 2017 at 12:01 am | Posted in Today's Reasons To Celebrate | Leave a comment

Good morning cyber shoppers. Today is Monday, November 27th. Today’s reasons to celebrate are:

Cyber Monday

Cyber Monday is the third side of the ‘retail triangle’ designed to separate you from your hard-earned dollars at the official start of the Christmas shopping season. It is the online counterpart to Black Friday and Small Business Saturday. Celebrated on the Monday after Thanksgiving, this popular online shopping day was first created in 2005 by marketing companies to persuade people to shop online. The term Cyber Monday was coined by Ellen Davis, the Senior Vice President of the National Retail Federation.
Just like their brick and mortar cousins on Black Friday and Small Business Saturday, online retailers hope to realize a spike in sales on Cyber Monday. Sales on the first Cyber Monday were about $450 million dollars, but as Cyber Monday caught on, sales increased. In 2006, sales were up 25% to a little over $600 million, and by 2010, sales topped $1 billion dollars for the first time. The latest sales figures, for 2015, showed that shoppers spent $2.28 billion dollars on this holiday. In 2015, online shoppers spent an average of $124.00 per person for Cyber Monday – with 46% of people using credit cards, 43% using debit cards with the rest using online payment services such as PayPal. Social media has also ramped up the advertising opportunities, bringing, even more, potential shoppers to retailers’ online stores. Cyber Monday shopping is expected to be up again this year with a predicted $3-billion in sales.
As technology emerges, so do the ways people do their online shopping. Purchases using mobile devices have increased significantly, adding to the convenience of Cyber Monday. No longer do you have to be strapped to your PC or Mac in order to make an online purchase. Last year, 41.2% of all Cyber Monday transactions were done on a smartphone or tablet.
But, what the heck are these people spending their money on? The most popular online purchases on Cyber Monday tend to be tech items…especially wearable technology and the traditional small appliances, clothing, gift cards and digital media.
I would be remiss if I didn’t warn you about cybersecurity. While you are doing your online shopping, make sure that you have taken the necessary steps to protect your personal information. Buy only from reputable online retailers that you trust. It’s not a good deal if someone steals your credit card information, or worse yet, your identity.

Pins and Needles Day

The actual meaning of this holiday has been obscured by time. The origin of Pins and Needles Day dates back to the labor movement in the 1930’s. The pro-labor Broadway musical Pins and Needles, opened on this date in 1937, at the Labor Stage Theater in New York City. This play was written by Harold Rome. It was produced by the International Ladies Garment Workers’ Union. Union members made up the cast. It ran for 1108 performances, once holding the record for longevity.
As the popularity of the play waned, WWII broke out. The focus of Pins and Needles Day then shifted from the literal meaning of the pins and needles used in the sewing trade to mean that tingly pins and needles feeling people get when they are anticipating something – like awaiting the return of their loved ones from the war.
Today, the focus has shifted once again. These days it means something akin to children being on “pins and needles” anxiously awaiting the arrival of jolly ole’ St. Nick on Christmas Eve. So now you have options. No matter which version of Pins and Needles Day you choose to celebrate, you will be correct.

Turtle Adoption Day

Turtle Adoption Day does not encourage you to dash out and purchase a turtle. In fact, the exact opposite is true. This holiday serves to inform you that turtles are not the easiest pets to raise and you should do thorough research before deciding to adopt a turtle as a pet.
Aside from living for decades, if not a century or more, turtles require a lot of care and have particular dietary needs according to their species. All turtles start out small. They are hatched from eggs. However, they grow rapidly and will soon outgrow that little terrarium you got from the pet store when you bought your cute little turtle. The turtles that you buy in pet stores are actually babies. This article explains the do’s and don’t’s of having turtles as pets better than can I. If you are contemplating buying a turtle for your children or grandchildren, I suggest that you read it first.

National Craft Jerky Day

National Craft Jerky Day awakens the taste buds and ignites the opinions of jerky fans the world over by focusing on artisanal creators of this dehydrated, seasoned meat and snack. The Long Beach Jerky Co. founded National Craft Jerky Day to honor all the small batch jerky makers and it was approved by the Registrar at the National Day Calendar in 2016.
In a world sedated by mass produced “jerky,” National Craft Jerky Day honors those who stubbornly refuse to give into the hype and insist on making their own jerky. For many, making jerky is a family tradition – created from recipes passed down through generations from a time when making jerky was a necessity in order to survive.
Quality meat and small batch production is the foundation for making your own jerky at home. Creative and unique recipes are the product of your environment. You use whatever meat or game most readily available to you – be it beef, pork, venison, bird or buffalo. The spices and wood used are what makes you own jerky recipe unique.
I know that unless you already have some of your homemade jerky on hand, you won’t be able to enjoy your own craft jerky today. But, you can celebrate National Craft Jerky Day by starting a batch today. If you don’t already have a time-tested family recipe, there are myriad recipes available online.

National Bavarian Cream Pie Day

Bavarian cream pie is a delicious, chilled dessert made with a cooked egg custard layered with whipped cream and toppings in a pie shell. French chef, Marie Antione Careme is given credit for the invention of Bavarian cream, which is a gelatin-based pastry cream originally served in gourmet restaurants and luxury hotels in France in the early 19th century.
Cream, custard, and pudding pies have been around since the Middle Ages. After the technological advances in cornstarch extraction in the 1900’s, instant pudding and custard mix helped popularize these kinds of desserts even further. Enjoy some for dessert tonight. Here is a recipe for Bavarian Creme to get you started.

Another Holiday  

Below is another holiday celebrated on this date that is worthy of mention: 

Historical Events

Below is a list of significant historical events that occurred on this date:

  • In 1701 – Anders Celsius was born in Sweden. He was the inventor of the Celsius thermometer.
  • In 1779 – The College of Pennsylvania became the University of Pennsylvania. It was the first legally recognized university in America.
  • In 1889 – Curtis P. Brady was issued the first permit to drive an automobile through Central Park in New York City.
  • In 1895 – Alfred Nobel signed his Last Will and Testament which called for his estate and fortune that he made as the inventor of dynamite to be used for creating awards for those who contributed to the benefit of mankind. The will created 5 awards – in physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, and peace. The will was signed in the Swedish–Norwegian Club in Paris.
  • In 1901 – The Army War College was established in Washington, DC.
  • In 1910 – New York’s Pennsylvania Station opened.
  • In 1951 – Hosea Richardson became the first black horse racing jockey to be licensed in Florida.
  • In 1963 – President Lyndon B. Johnson delivered his first address to a joint session of Congress.
  • In 1970 – Pope Paul VI, visiting the Philippines, was attacked at the Manila airport by a Bolivian painter disguised as a priest.
  • In 1973 – The Senate voted to confirm Gerald R. Ford as vice president after the resignation of Spiro T. Agnew.
  • In 1978 – San Francisco Mayor George Moscone and City Supervisor Harvey Milk, a gay-rights activist, were assassinated inside City Hall by Dan White, a former supervisor. Milk was the first openly gay person to be elected in local government in California.
  • In 1980 – Dave Williams (Chicago Bears) became the first player in NFL history to return a kick for a touchdown in overtime.
  • In 1985 – The British House of Commons approved the Anglo-Irish accord giving Dublin a consulting role in the governing of British-ruled Northern Ireland.
  • In 1987 – French hostages Jean-Louis Normandin and Roger Auque were set free by their pro-Iranian captors in West Beirut, Lebanon.
  • In 1989 – 107 people were killed when a bomb destroyed a Colombian jetliner minutes after the plane had taken off from Bogota’s international airport. Police blamed the incident on drug traffickers.
  • In 1989 – The world’s first living liver transplant was performed. 21-month old Alyssa Smith became the first person to receive a liver transplant from a living donor, her mother Teresa Smith at the University of Chicago Medical Center. The transplant occurred under the supervision of surgeons Christoph Broelsch, Richard Thistlethwaite, Thomas Heffron, and Jean Emond.
  • In 1991 – The UN Security Council unanimously adopted a resolution that led the way for the establishment of a UN peacekeeping operation in Yugoslavia.
  • In 1992 – In Venezuela, rebel forces tried but failed to overthrow President Carlos Andres Perez for the second time in ten months.
  • In 2001 – The Hubble Space Telescope detected the first planetary atmosphere outside our Solar System. The space telescope detected sodium on HD 209458 b, an exoplanet also known as Osiris. Belonging to a class of planets called hot Jupiter because they are similar in size to Jupiter. Unlike Jupiter, however, these planets orbit very close to their stars and consequently have very high temperatures on their surfaces.
  • In 2005 – The world’s first successful partial face transplant was performed. Dr. Bernard Devauchelle, Dr. Benoit Lengelé, and Dr. Jean-Michel Dubernard used donor tissue to reconstruct the face of Isabelle Dinoire in Amiens, France. Her face had been mauled by a dog.

Noteworthy Birthdays

If you were born on this date, Happy Birthday. You share your birthday with the following list of illustrious individuals – and about 20-million other people.

November 26th – Oh, Good Grief!

November 26, 2017 at 12:01 am | Posted in Today's Reasons To Celebrate | Leave a comment

Good morning syndicated comic strip fans. Today is Sunday, November 26, 2017. Today’s reasons to celebrate are:

Good Grief Day

Good Grief Day has nothing to do with suffering the loss of a loved one or the stages of grief. Instead, Good Grief Day his about a little boy in a yellow shirt who never, ever, manages to kick the football. Good grief, Charlie Brown!
Charles M. Schulz, the creator of Charlie Brown and all the Peanuts characters, was born on this date in 1922. He passed away in 2000, and today would have been his 95th birthday. Good Grief Day celebrates Mr. Schulz and the whole Peanuts gang.
To celebrate Good Grief Day, peruse some old Peanuts comic strips or watch “A Charlie Brown Christmas” (after all, it’s after Thanksgiving so it’s OK to watch it now) – or, watch one of the many other classic Peanuts television specials. Also, include a trip to the Charles M. Schulz Museum in Santa Rosa, California on your “bucket list”.

National Cake Day

Cake exists today because they descended from ancient breads—round loaves of dough placed on hearthstones to bake. A cake is one of the world’s favorite desserts. The cake we know and love today evolved from early leavened bread which was sweetened with honey, fruit, and nuts. The word “cake” comes from the Old Norse word, “kaka,” meaning a baked flour confection.
The ancient Egyptians were the world’s first great bakers, with large-scale bakeries that produced unleavened bread and cakes, first baked on hot stones. They were the first to discover how to use wild (natural) yeast to make those flatbreads and cakes rise.
Fast-forward a few millennia to the 18th century. This was around the time when the technique of whipping eggs to make cakes rise was discovered. While it required many hours of beating, it heralded the dawn of modern baking. By the 1840’s, baking soda had been invented, followed by baking powder in the 1860’s. As ovens with regulated temperatures became available, and sugar became affordable to everyone, more people were able to bake, resulting in more creativity in recipe development; the modern cake as we know it began to take shape in the mid-19th century.
Even though sugar originated in Asia, cakes as we now know them—flour, eggs, butter and sugar baked to a sweet, fluffy deliciousness—are a Western evolution. There are thousands of different types of cakes in the world today; each culture has its own specialties, most of which we have never seen, or even heard about.
Whether you prefer vanilla, chocolate, red velvet, pineapple-upside-down, or one of the myriad other varieties, have a slice of your favorite cake today to celebrate National Cake Day.

National Cookie Day

National Cookie Day is observed annually on this date and celebrates, oddly enough, cookies – in all their incarnations.
We can thank the Dutch for more than windmills, wooden shoes, and tulips. The English word “cookie” is derived from the Dutch word “koekie” meaning little cake. There have been cookie-like hard wafers in existence for as long as baking has been documented because they traveled well, however, they were usually not sweet enough to be considered cookies by modern-day standards. The origin of the cookie as we know it appears to have begun in Persia in the 7th century, soon after the use of sugar became common in the region.  These sweeter versions of cookies soon spread to Europe through the Muslim conquest of Spain. Cookies were common at all levels of society throughout Europe by the 14th century, from the royal cuisine to the street vendors.
Cookies arrived in America in the 17th century. Macaroons and gingerbread cookies were among the popular early American cookies. In most English-speaking countries outside of North America, the most common word for cookie is “biscuit.” In some regions, both terms, cookies, and biscuits are used.
Cookies are classified into different categories, with the most common ones being:

  • Bar cookies
  • Drop cookies
  • Molded cookies
  • Pressed cookies
  • Rolled cookies
  • Refrigerator cookies
  • Filled cookies
  • Sandwich cookies
  • No bake cookies

The origins of this National Cookie Day remain a mystery. In 1976, Sesame Street included a National Cookie Day on its calendar for the first time, but it fell on a different date. The Cookie Monster also proclaimed his own National Cookie Day in the 1980 book “The Sesame Street Dictionary”  though there was never a date associated with it…even though the holiday was proclaimed.
You don’t need to be a rocket scientist to figure out how to celebrate National Cookie Day. Simply bake a batch of your favorite cookies at home or pick up some cookies at your local bakery. Remember to make or buy enough to share with your family and friends.

Historical Events

Below is a list of significant historical events that occurred on this date:

  • In 1716 – The first lion to be exhibited in America went on display in Boston, MA.
  • In 1789 – President Washington set aside this day to observe the adoption of the Constitution of the United States.
  • In 1825 – The first college social fraternity, Kappa Alpha, was formed at Union College in Schenectady, NY.
  • In 1832 – Public streetcar service began in New York City.
  • In 1867 – J.B. Sutherland patented the refrigerated railroad car.
  • In 1917 – The National Hockey League (NHL) was officially formed in Montreal, Canada.
  • In 1922 – In Egypt, Howard Carter peered into the tomb of King Tutankhamen.
  • In 1940 – The Nazis forced 500,000 Jews of Warsaw, Poland to live within a walled ghetto.
  • In 1941 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a bill establishing the fourth Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day. In 1939 Roosevelt had signed a bill that changed the celebration of Thanksgiving to the third Thursday of November.
  • In 1942 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered nationwide gasoline rationing to begin December 1.
  • In 1942 – The motion picture “Casablanca” had its world premiere at the Hollywood Theater in New York City. The classic movie starring Ingrid Bergman and Humphrey Bogart won 3 Oscars – Best Picture, Director, and Adapted Screenplay. The film, which is set during the Second World War, follows the life of Rick Blaine, a former freedom fighter and a club owner in Casablanca, Morocco, who has to choose between his love for a woman, Ilsa Lund, and saving her husband from the Nazis.
  • In 1943 – The HMS Rohna became the first ship to be sunk by a guided missile. The German missile attack led to the death of 1,015 U.S. troops.
  • In 1949 – India’s Constituent Assembly adopted the country’s constitution The country became a republic within the British Commonwealth two months later.
  • In 1950 – China entered the Korean conflict forcing UN forces to retreat.
  • In 1965 – France launched its first satellite into orbit – the Diamant-A. The satellite, also known as Asterix – was named after a popular comic character created by French writer René Goscinny. It was launched from Hammaguir, Algeria and made France the 6th country in the world after the US, the USSR, the UK, Canada, and Italy to have an artificial satellite in orbit.
  • In 1966 – The world’s first tidal power station opened in France. The Rance Tidal Power Station on the Rance River in Brittany, France was inaugurated by French president Charles de Gaulle. Today, it is one of the largest tidal power stations in the world.
  • In 1973 – Rose Mary Woods, told a federal court that she was responsible for the 18-1/2 minute gap in a key Watergate tape. Woods was  President Nixon’s personal secretary.
  • In 1975 – Lynette”Squeaky” Fromme was found guilty by a federal jury in Sacramento, CA, for trying to assassinate U.S. President Ford on September 5.
  • In 1979 – The International Olympic Committee voted to re-admit China after a 21-year absence.
  • In 1983 – A Brinks Mat Ltd. vault at London’s Heathrow Airport was robbed by gunmen. The men made off with 6,800 gold bars, diamonds, and cash worth £ 26 million (nearly $40 million). Only a fraction of the gold has ever been recovered and only two men were convicted in the heist.
  • In 1985 – The rights to Richard Nixon’s autobiography were acquired by Random House for $3,000,000.
  • In 1986 – President Reagan appointed a commission headed by former Sen. John Tower to investigate his National Security Council staff after the Iran-Contra affair.
  • In 1988 – The United States denied an entry visa to PLO chairman Yasser Arafat, who was seeking permission to travel to New York to address the U.N. General Assembly.
  • In 1992 – The British government announced that Queen Elizabeth II had volunteered to start paying taxes on her personal income. She also took her children off the public payroll.
  • In 1995 – Two men set fire to a subway token booth in the Brooklyn borough of New York City. The clerk inside was fatally burned.
  • In 1998 – British Prime Minister Tony Blair made a speech to the Irish Parliament. It was the first time a British Prime Minister had addressed the Irish Parliament in the modern era.
  • In 1998 – Hulk Hogan announced that he was retiring from pro wrestling and would run for president in 2000.
  • In 2003 – The supersonic airliner Concorde was retired from service after 27 years of flight.
  • In 2003 – The U.N. atomic agency adopted a resolution that censured Iran for past nuclear cover-ups and warning that it would be policed to put to rest suspicions that the country had a weapons agenda.

Noteworthy Birthdays

If you were born on this date, Happy Birthday. You share your birthday with the following list of illustrious individuals – and about 20-million other people.

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